Despite negative stereotypes of Muslims reported in the media, little psychological research has been conducted to characterize non-Muslim attitudes toward Muslim Americans. They grieved the lives lost, came together to rebuild and sought answers as to why anyone would commit such an act of hatred.
I began pushing up my sleeves when in groups so people would not worry that I was conservative. Racial attitudes among incoming White students: Anti-bias programs may then coach non-Muslims to utilize the data for cognitive mediation of anxiety.
Abstract Attitudes toward Muslim Americans have been largely understudied in the psychological field. In light of the September 11 events, negative attitudes in plane situations might be expected more than negative attitudes in other situations.
Two factors had Eigenvalues greater than 1 - all situations except seven and situation seven by itself see Table 1. Islamophobia Pre-and Post-September 11th, As many Muslim Americans are visibly culturally distinct, it would be of value to explore whether attitudes of non-Muslims toward Muslim Americans resemble attitudes expressed by European non-Muslims toward members of these minority groups.
To assess this hypothesis, the average attitude scores for each situation were entered as dependent variable into separate one-way between-subjects analysis of variances ANOVAs with form type as the independent variable.
White student attitudes toward blacks and Hispanics: Thus, findings indicated negative attitudes are situation specific rather than global. Report on hate crimes and discrimination against Arab Americans: Do you have information you want to share with HuffPost?
The terror attacks on Sept. Evidence of reliability and validity for the Universal Orientation Scale. According to this theory, a person, depending on their orientation, attends to an array of potentially colliding stimuli and focuses on information that reinforces her original view of self or other.
Our findings did not support the hypothesis that attitudes toward Muslim Americans would be more negative overall. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 65, — Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 24, 26— Using this model, we argue that persons with non-prejudiced orientations toward others are more likely to respond with more positive attitudes toward Muslim Americans due to a genuine tendency to emphasize universal commonalities.
Click here to sign up! University student attitudes toward American Indians. The analysis examined the relationships between the six independent variables and the general situational attitudes toward Muslim Americans across the nine situations.
Additionally, in relation to Muslim Americans, these findings suggest, as indicated by the Pew studyAmericans appear to be conflicted in their orientation toward Muslim Americans and Islam. Further implications The findings of this study suggest that there are likely specific situational contexts in which negative attitudes are more likely to be expressed.
Muslim Americans who experience daily life interactions with non-Muslims as generally positive may experience a greater internal reaction to the periodic negative experience. Psychological Reports, 99, — However, results of this study indicated people may feel negative in situations where they are more likely to feel threatened rather than holding negative attitudes overall toward this group.
Additionally, it was hypothesized that individuals with higher socially desirable responses would have more positive responses toward Muslim Americans. Contrary to expectations, negative attitudes appeared to be specific rather than global. Racial attitudes among incoming White students: Therefore, the current study may not represent the attitudes of students or others from less diverse or more conservative contexts.
Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 5, 59— Psychological Reports, 27, — Predicting attitudes toward Muslim Americans The second hypothesis indicated individuals expressing nonprejudiced universal orientation would overall have more positive attitudes toward Muslim Americans.
International Nursing Review, 49, 79— University student attitudes toward American Indians.
Islam in the United States of America. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, — To reduce the number of potential dependent variables, a principal component analysis was conducted using the mean scores for the ten different situations of the SAS.According to data from the FBI, there was a spike in hate crimes against Muslims after the attacks on September 11, In these data visualizations you'll see that while attacks have dropped in.
Sep 18, · WASHINGTON — Hate crimes against American Muslims have soared to their highest levels since the aftermath of the Sept. 11, attacks, according to.
Sep 10, · Weeks after 9/11, Soltani and some Muslim friends at the University of Central Oklahoma were walking to the mosque after a football game when a. He was let go after 9/ In addition, the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), America's top Muslim civil rights organization, has been prohibited access to the White House for the most of post 9/11 era unlike in Britain, where Muslim organizations' access to the country's top leaders increased after the July 7, terrorist attacks.
Attitudes Toward Muslim Americans Post-9/11 Following September 11,the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) reported a 1, percent increase of hate crimes against Muslim Americans between to (Anderson, ).
Sep 09, · For many Muslims, especially those born after Sept.
11, Islamophobia seems to be a fact of life.Download