They cannot spend their married life easily and during the solution of problems they feel stress and depression. However, work exposures such as working hours cannot reliably be examined among participants who are no longer exposed to work.
Similar type of study done among working and non-working women in Rajkot conducted by Revati et al [ 6 ] showed that non-working woman have a good mental health than the working woman. Abstract Background Night work has been reported to be associated with various mental disorders and complaints.
In translated item No. The Dyadic Adjustment Scale DAS  is a self-report questionnaire that provides global wideness of marital distress.
Current Trends in Theory and Research. The relationship between job-related burnout and depressive disorders--results from the Finnish Health Study.
They have equal problems to face so their depression levels are same. Social Indicators Research ; Eisler RM, Hersen M, editors. Fatigue Questionnaire Fatigue was assessed by the Fatigue Questionnaire FQan instrument commonly used to detect cases of chronic fatigue in general population studies .
Additive and interactive models of sex differences. Our hypothesis regarding this relationship is supported, which implies that higher the depression lower would be the marital adjustment. Marital distress and relationship conflict also contribute to depression.
A marital role comprises cultural expectations associated with the husband or with a wife. Corresponding hazard ratios for each hour increase in working hours were 1.
Working women were doctors, lectures and bankers. Marmot M, Brunner E. Relationship of wives employment status to husband, wife and pair satisfaction and performance. Each item is scored on a Likert scale 0—3yielding a maximum score of 21 on both scales.
The findings of the results also show that working married women have to face more problems in their married life as compared to non-working married women. It can be seen that the phenomenon of marital adjustment that it is given a priority in all cultures, as marriage is one of the most important commitment of an individual makes in his or her life.
Hicks M, Platt M. A two-tailed significance level of. WH Freeman and company. The findings of this research indicate that educated working women have to face more depression than those working women who are highly educated. Along with this, the results further suggest that highly educated married non-working women are better adjusted in their married lives.
New York, Free Press. Symptoms of depression include feelings of sadness, hopelessness, helplessness, anxiety, irritability, agitation, fatigue, low energy, and a reduced activity level are common, and there is also withdrawal from social contact and loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, including sex.
Hypertension is not the link between job strain and coronary heart disease in the Whitehall II study. Mortality among women and men relative to unemployment, part time work, overtime work, and extra work: Alcohol problems and all-cause mortality in men and women: An internal consistency coefficient of 0.
Where as, the non-working married women can do their household task easily and their married life goes smooth. In this way she feels free from depression and lives a happy marital life.
Neurohormonal factors, stress, health and gender. Another limitation relates to our measures of depressive and anxiety symptoms not being validated against clinical diagnoses. Journal of marriage and the family ; Alternatively, employees with mental health problems may reduce their working hours in order to enable recovery De Raeve et al.
But beyond specific factors such as these, what is important to marital satisfaction over the course of marriage is the ability of partner to adjust to a variety of changes and to cope with a number of stresses.Marital Adjustment, Stress and Depression among Working and Non-Working Married Women.
hopelessness, helplessness, anxiety, irritability, agitation, fatigue, low energy, and a reduced depression among working and non-working married women The present study was carried out to assess the level of anxiety and depression among working and non-working women. A sample of 60 women was.
Aug 07, · In the hierarchical multiple regression analyses among women, there was a negative association between years of work experience as a nurse and the anxiety score, while age was positively associated with the depression score. Often women work outside the home and still handle home responsibilities.
Many women deal with the challenges of single parenthood, such as working multiple jobs to make ends meet. Anxiety commonly occurs along with depression in women. Lazear KJ, et al. Depression among low-income women of color: Qualitative findings.
Mental Health and Depression among Working and Non- Working Women. In them marital adjustment has been studied with its relationship to depression among working and non-working women, male and female initiation of psychotherapy female education level.
The present study is an attempt to investigate marital adjustment, stress and depression among working and non-working married women .Download